寧夏ウイグル自治区銀川で開催:国際平和記念日世界大会における進藤会長の基調報告:2016年9月
  • 2017.8.29

The Kenote Speech at 2016 International Conference at Commemoration

0f International Day of Peace

                Yinchuan, China, September 20-23, 2016

   The Road to Sustainable Peace and Security in Asia for East Asian Community

        Eiichi Shindo , President, Graduate Institute for Global Asia

    

We have been discussing how to create peace and security in Asia. We have found out that the state-military-centric paradigm could not work anymore.

What is needed is neither military-oriented peace nor state-first security. It could be possible not only by strengthening civic capacities rather than military capabilities, and but also by securing the lives and minimum living standards of ordinary people in and beyond their nation-state. Societal security of people must be put first.

We must seek peaceful co-existence with our neighbors. Economic-societal cooperation and partnership rather than through military alliance system would be needed. The road to sustainable peace and security in Asia could be delineated in the following three ways.

First, we would have to spend more money and resources on non-traditional security areas such as poverty, famine, endemic diseases and environmental degradation. Human security must be put priority rather than national security in the traditional security area such as war and conflict. It is because war and conflict in the traditional security areas have more or less originate in poverty and famine.

Hence, we will have to promote the cooperative activities to reduce poverty and environmental calamities through developmental aids and cooperation. The military sanction against the so-called “rogue states “such as Iran, Cuba and North Korea dictated by the US have been turned out to be dysfunctional. It tended to work to increase counter aggressive actions on the side of the sanctioned nations to sustain their own national security.

Second, we should open up the way toward disarmaments among nations. We are also needed to make up the regional scheme of crisis management to prevent unexpected incidents. What are needed would be regional agreements of disarmament rather than those of arms control which assume either the status quo or anti-status quo of armaments of the nations concerned. What are also needed should be mutual reduction of lethal weapons, nuclear or non-nuclear.

We had assumed that we would have a new era of peaceful coexistence if the cold war would end. We, however, have had a series of war and conflict in the Balkan and Middle East after the Iraq war of 1991 and its aftermath, which has had been coupled by the wars of terror and anti-terror.

The leading actors of these new war-games are new kind of military industrial complexes led by the Civil Military Enterprises with the arms industries and the Pentagon. They have had produced the crises in the conflict-lidden areas from the Middle East through the Korean Peninsula.

The bombers of drone as well as THAAD, the new products of the Revolution of Military Affairs have had led the counter-armaments on the side of the potential enemies such as North Korea and the Islamic states.

What are needed is to start up for the mutual confidence building measures and the GRIT (gradual reciprocation of initiatives for tension reduction) system. The diplomatic talks among nations concerned are desperately needed for easing tension instead of increasing distrust in the region.

Third, we should promote the East Asian community building. We

should learn a lot of the history of European community building which was initiated by the common production scheme of coal and steel in Rule region. It has served to create the non-war community in Western Europe.

After their cooperative security scheme, we, Asian peoples, should follow them to shelve the contested territorial problems to redesign the win-win cooperative scheme for joint production of natural gas in the Sea of East China as well as of South China. It means that we should accelerate the movements towards the regional integration in East Asia.

In order to reach the agreements about the territorial problems, we will have to make incessant efforts to solve them to make our apologies to our neighbors. We, the members of Organization to Succeed the Talks of the premier Murayama, have focused on this most significant unsolved problem since 2015, sixty years anniversary after the Premier issued the official statement of apology. The balls are in our court

We have begun to round up the agendas toward the East Asian Community after establishment of ASEAN Community in 2016. The TPP, the new regional free trade agreement led by the US and Japan have turned out to be almost failed.The RCEP (Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership), another regional agreement led by ASEAN +3 (China, Japan and Korea) have been to be in the finalizing processes including India, Australia, and New Zealand.

The scheme to finalize it comprises three parts of regional cooperative agenda. First, the community building of trade and production based on the module values-chain networks in the region. Second, the one of development and construction to improve the poor infrastructures in the region funded mainly by the AIIB (Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank) established in 2016. The third, the one of financial and socio-cultural exchange programs to sustain the political agenda of community building.

The East Asian community building processes with the above stated three components would certainly be the crux of sustainable peace and cooperative security in Asia.

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